Verb Pattern 1

Pada pola ini, verb diikuti oleh objek langsung (direct object), baik berupa kata benda (noun) atau pun kata ganti (pronoun). Mari kita pelajari kalimat-kalimat berikut ini:

  1. I know her family.
  2. Do you want any help?
  3. Who knows the answer?
  4. You didn’t answer my question.
  5. She cut herself.
  6. Don’t you remember my name?
  7. He dug a deep hole.
  8. She laughed a merry laugh.
  9. This climate doesn’t suit him.
  10. The glass contains fresh water.

Keterangan warna: Auxiliary, Subject, Verb, Direct Object

1. No. 5 Perhatikan penggunaan kata kerja refleksif (reflexive pronoun) sebagai objek.
2. No. 7 Perhatikan objek yang berupa hasil pekerjaan (a deep hole).
3. No. 8 Perhatikan objek serumpun (a merry laugh).
4. Semua kata kerja transitif (transitive verbs) dapat digunakan dalam pola ini.

Agar bisa menguasai pola ini, mari kita kerjakan latihan soal berikut ini!

Latihan A
Latihan untuk menggunakan pola ini dalam pertanyaan ya-atau-tidak dalam berbagai tenses.

Ubah pernyataan berikut ini ke dalam bentuk pertanyaan. Sebagai contoh:
They practiced the conversation.
Did they practice the conversation?

1. Mary had lunch.
2. The students repeat the exercises every day.
3. Mary passed the butter.
4. John has passed his exam.
5. The students has been discussing the lessons for hours.

Latihan B
Latihan untuk menggunakan pola ini dalam pertanyaan yang memiliki kata tanya.

Buat pertanyaan tentang subjek dan kemudian tentang objek langsung dari setiap kalimat berikut ini. Sebagai contoh:
John bought a book yesterday.
a. Who bought a book yesterday?
b. What did John buy yesterday?

1. Bill pronounces the difficult words.
a. _______________________________?
b. _______________________________?
2. The tourists visited some places of interest.
a. _______________________________?
b. _______________________________?
3. John and Mary will discuss the lesson.
a. _______________________________?
b. _______________________________?
4. The committee has announced the results of the exams.
a. _______________________________?
b. _______________________________?
5. The secretary didn’t type the letter.
a. _______________________________?
b. _______________________________?

Latihan C
Latihan untuk menggunakan jawaban singkat, pernyataan positif dan negatif dengan kata kerja LIKE dan WANT.

Jawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan berikut ini dengan jawaban singkat, pernyataan positif dan negatif. Gunakan kata kerja WANT dan bentuk ANY untuk pernyataan negatif. Sebagai contoh:
Do you like eggs? Yes, I do. I like eggs, but I don’t want any.

1. Do you like bananas? ___________. ______________________________.
2. Does Mary like cabbage? ___________. ______________________________.
3. Does Bill like jam? ___________. ______________________________.
4. Do the boys like milk? ___________. ______________________________.
5. Does he like peanut-butter? ___________. ______________________________.


Referensi: Hudari, A. 2007. Excercises in Verb Patterns: Book One. STBA Yapari-ABA Bandung.



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